Vibrio vulnificus protease (VVP), a 45-kDa zinc metalloprotease, consists of two functional domains: an N-terminal 35-kDa polypeptide having endoproteinase activity, and a C-terminal 10-kDa polypeptide that mediates the binding of VVP to the erythrocyte membrane. Therefore, VVP, but not its N-terminal endoproteinase domain alone, has agglutinating activity to rabbit erythrocytes. When a single zinc atom in the catalytic center was substituted by treatment with CuCl2 or NiCl2, proteolytic and hemagglutinating activities were reduced by Ni substitution but not by Cu substitution. Cu- treated 35-kDa polypeptide showed sufficient affinity of the catalytic center and weak binding ability to the erythrocyte membrane, but the Ni-treated polypeptide did not. These results suggest that the binding of endoproteinase domain to membrane is also necessary for hemagglutination.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Microbiology and Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1999|
- Vibrio vulnificus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Microbiology (medical)