The efficacy and safety of anti-interleukin-6 receptor monoclonal blockade in a renal transplant patient with Castleman disease: Early post-transplant outcome 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1103 Clinical Sciences

Masatoshi Matsunami, Yoshifumi Ubara, Keiichi Sumida, Yoichi Oshima, Masahiko Oguro, Kazuya Kinoshita, Kiho Tanaka, Yuki Nakamura, Keiichi Kinowaki, Kenichi Ohashi, Takeshi Fujii, Takuro Igawa, Yasuharu Sato, Yasuo Ishii

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Abstract

Background: Multicentric Castleman disease (MCD) is an uncommon lymphoproliferative disease characterized by systemic inflammatory reactions associated with the dysregulated production of interleukin-6 (IL-6). In patients with MCD, renal involvement is uncommon, with only one report published regarding kidney transplantation (KTx) to treat end-stage renal disease (ESRD) secondary to MCD. Recent clinical observations have shown that IL-6 production is implicated in allograft rejection, while IL-6 receptor blockade (with tocilizumab [TCZ]) reduces alloantibody generation and thereby improves graft survival; however, the efficacy and safety of TCZ in MCD patients undergoing KTx is still unknown. Case presentation: Herein, we describe the case of a 50-year-old man with MCD who received living-donor KTx for ESRD. Post-operative immunosuppression consisted of a triple-drug regimen (tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil and methylprednisolone) with TCZ that was administered intravenously every 2 weeks. At 17 months post-transplantation, the patient remains asymptomatic, and the allograft pathology has shown no evidence of rejection and no development of de novo donor-specific antibody (DSA). Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the second reported case of an MCD patient with ESRD who underwent successful KTx. TCZ safely supported the patient during the perioperative period, and this drug may be useful for blocking the generation of donor-specific antibodies and reducing the risk of rejection episodes. KTx in combination with TCZ is thus considered a viable treatment option for ESRD due to MCD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number263
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 11 2018

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Keywords

  • Castleman disease
  • IgA nephropathy
  • IL-6
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Tocilizumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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