The Effects of Carbon Concentration and Silicate Composition on the Metal-Silicate Partitioning of Carbon in a Shallow Magma Ocean

H. Kuwahara, S. Itoh, R. Nakada, T. Irifune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The partitioning of carbon between the core and mantle during the formation of terrestrial planets may have controlled the distribution of carbon in terrestrial planets. However, the abundance of carbon in the Earth's mantle is higher than a prediction based on previous metal-silicate partitioning experiments of carbon at carbon-saturated conditions by more than an order of magnitude. Here, we report new metal-silicate partitioning experiments of carbon at carbon contents of 0.25–0.5 wt%. We show that the metal-silicate partition coefficient of carbon (Dmet/sil C) strongly correlates with nonbridging oxygen per tetrahedral cations (nbo/t) of silicate melts at fO2 conditions where C-H species are stable. Moreover, the results suggest that Dmet/sil C at carbon-undersaturated conditions may be lower than that at carbon-saturated condition. Thus, Dmet/sil C at low carbon concentrations is essentially important to investigate the distribution of carbon in the Earth during the core formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9422-9429
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume46
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 28 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • carbon
  • magma ocean
  • metal-silicate partitioning
  • terrestrial planets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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