The effects of artificial asperities on crack closing behavior in quenched and tempered medium carbon steel

Mitsuhiro Okayasu, Zhirui Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


To better understand the effect of an asperity on crack closure behavior, K-CMOD relations were examined using artificial asperity/wedge, inserted into the fatigue crack in a three point bending specimen made of a hardened medium carbon steel. Experimental results revealed that the unloading phase of the K vs. CMOD curve exhibited a concave shape if soft artificial asperity (Al alloy) was inserted, signifying acceleration in the CMOD decrease at zero applied load. This was mainly related to elastic and plastic deformation in the wedge material during the unloading process. On the contrary, the linear unloading portion of K vs. CMOD was obtained as hard asperity (high carbon steel) was employed, which specified deceleration in the CMOD decrease at zero applied load, where the only elastic deformation in the asperity was affected. From their unloading curves, the severity of crack closure or ΔKeff value was found to be related to the strength of the asperity material. The values of ΔKeff were examined in two different ways, e. g., (i) the remote displacement method and (ii) the adjusted compliance ratio method (ACR). The ΔKeff value, measured using both approaches, decreases with increasing wedge strength, such as hardness and yield strength. The rate of reduction in ΔKeff was, however, changed depending on the manner of ΔKeff examination, in which the ΔKeff decreased at a higher rate for the compliance ratio method and at a lower rate for the remote displacement method. The reason for this is discussed in the present work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3081-3090
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Artificial asperity
  • CMOD
  • Crack closure
  • Crack closure model
  • SAE1045

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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