The Effect of Peer Instruction Lectures on Learning Attitudes in Epidemiology Education

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Abstract

Research suggests that the fundamental concepts of epidemiology cannot be sufficiently learned in traditional lectures, and interactive learning is necessary. However, few studies have investigated interactive epidemiology education in general, or peer instruction (PI) in particular. This study investigated the effect of PI. Study participants were fourth-year medical students. The attitude of participants in regard to PI learning was examined in a non-PI and a PI group. The Survey of Attitudes Toward Statistics (SATS) (containing six sub-categories) was conducted as a learning-attitudes index. The pre- and post-lecture scores were compared between the non-PI and PI groups using double robust (DR) estimation. The non-PI and PI groups consisted of 20 and 121 student participants, respectively. In DR estimation, affect exhibited the lowest SATS score changes, at −0.51 (95% confidence interval −0.78 to −0.24; p-value < 0.001), whereas effort exhibited the highest score changes of 0.01 (95% confidence interval −0.30 to 0.32; p-value = 0.952). The epidemiology lecture with PI did not increase the SATS scores. This might be due to issues related to the experimental design. Further research investigating the effects of interactive epidemiology education, it will be necessary to develop tools for assessing the learning of epidemiological concepts and to improve the research design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-609
Number of pages9
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume75
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • double robust estimation
  • epidemiological education
  • learning attitude
  • medical students
  • peer instruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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