Cancer patients have increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) that must be assessed before treatment. This study aimed to determine effective VTE biomarkers in gynecologic cancer (GC). We investigated the correlation between D-dimer levels, Khorana risk score (KRS), Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), and VTE in 1499 GC patients (583 cervical cancer (CC), 621 endometrial cancer (EC), and 295 ovarian cancer (OC) patients) treated at our institution between January 2008 and December 2019. χ2 and Mann–Whitney U-tests were used to determine statistical significance. We used receiver operating characteristic-curve analysis to evaluate the discriminatory ability of each parameter. D-dimer levels were significantly correlated with KRS and GPS in patients with GC. VTE was diagnosed in 11 CC (1.9%), 27 EC (4.3%), and 39 OC patients (13.2%). Optimal D-dimer cut-off values for VTE were 3.1, 3.2, and 3.9 μg/ml in CC, EC and OC patients, respectively. D-dimer could significantly predict VTE in all GC patients. Furthermore, D-dimer combined with GPS was more accurate in predicting VTE than other VTE biomarkers in stage IIIC and IVA OC (AUC: 0.846; p<0.001). This study demonstrates that combined D-dimer and GPS are useful in predicting VTE in patients with OC.
- Gynecologic cancer
- Venous thromboembolism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)