Signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRC) of the stomach exhibits diffuse growth and invasion without forming ducts. Destruction of the surrounding basal membrane and angiogenesis appear to be required for SRC to exhibit marked invasion and growth. We recently reported that heparanase (HPA) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) were strongly correlated with microvessel density, and that COX-2 expression is up-regulated by HPA in esophageal cancer. In this study, we examined the relationship between HPA expression and that of COX-2 in SRC of the stomach. We examined HPA and COX-2 expression in 3 cell lines derived from SRC of the stomach and in 50 SRC lesions of stomach by immunohistochemistry (IHC), in situ hybridization, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). We also examined the relationships among HPA expression, COX-2 expression, and the clinicopathologic features of SRC, mean age, sex, invasion depth, regional lymph node metastasis, lymphatic invasion, and venous blood vessel invasion. Of the 3 cell lines, 2 exhibited both HPA and COX-2 mRNA expression on RT-PCR. Of the 3 cell lines, 1 exhibited only HPA mRNA expression on RT-PCR. Heparanase expression was confirmed in 23 (46%) of 50 tumor samples by IHC. COX-2 expression was confirmed in 25 (50%) of the 50 tumor samples by IHC. In situ hybridization revealed messenger RNA expression in the same area as in that revealed by IHC. A close correlation was noted between HPA and COX-2 expressions (P < .0001). The present study thus elucidated the biologic features of SRC of the stomach related to growth and angiogenesis.
- Gastric cancer
- Signet-ring cell carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine