The changes of mac-1 and l-selectin expression on granulocytes and soluble l-selectin level during hemodialysis?

Kenji Kawabata, Yoshio Nagake, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino, Zensuke Ota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

L-selectin and Mac-1 expressed on leukocytes are critical for leukocyte adhesion to inflamed endothelium. L-selectin is known to be rapidly shed from the cell surface of granulocytes after activation. In the present study the change of expressions of these adhesion molecules on granulocytes were analyzed by flow cytometry, and the serum concentration of shed L-selectin (soluble L-selectin; sL-selectin) was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) during hemodialysis in patients treated with regenerated cellulose membranes (RC group) versus polysulfone membranes (PS group). In the RC group, Mac-1 expression on granulocytes increased significantly at 30 min after the initiation of hemodialysis (p < 0.05) compared with predialysis values, coinciding with the nadir of dialysis-induced granulocytopenia. Granulocyte L-selectin expression decreased significantly at 15 min after the initiation of hemodialysis (p < 0.05) and remained decreased through the course of dialysis session, compared with predialysis values. Serum sL-selectin level significantly increased at 15 min after the initiation of hemodialysis (p < 0.05), compared with predialysis values. In the PS group, no significant variation in Mac-1 and L-selectin expression on granulocytes and serum sL-selectin level were detected. This reciprocal change of Mac-1 and L-selectin on granulocyte cell surface was attributed to development of granulocytopenia and subsequent reversal during dialysis with cellulose membranes. In this study, we confirmed the shedding of L-selectin during cellulosic dialysis by ELISA. The increase in sL-selectin, which has potential activity of inhibiting L-selectin-dependent adhesion of granulocyte to endothelium, might be involved in rebound granu-locytosis during dialysis with cellulose membranes and impairment of the granulocyte function in patients on chronic hemodialysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-579
Number of pages7
JournalNephron
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996

Keywords

  • Granulocytes
  • Hemodialysis
  • L-selectin
  • Mac-1
  • Soluble L-selectin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Urology

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