The blood vascular architecture of the rat testis: A scanning electron microscopic study of the corrosion casts followed by light microscopy of tissue sections

T. Murakami, Y. Uno, Aiji Ohtsuka, Takehito Taguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The blood vascular bed of the rat testis was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of corrosion casts and by light microscopy of tissue sections. The testicular artery penetrates the pampiniform plexus and gives rise to the intertubular arterioles. Each of these arterioles courses in the intertubular connective tissue column, and gives off intertubular and peritubular capillaries. The intertubular capillaries pass the intertubular connective tissue column, whereas the peritubular capillaries reach the peritubular connective tissue sheet. The intertubular and peritubular capillaries anastomose with each other and converge into the intertubular venules in the intertubular connective tissue columns. Thus, the blood vascular bed of the rat testis consists of hexago- or pentago-columnar capillary networks which commonly surround the seminiferous tubules. The Leidig's cells are preferentially observed in the intertubular connective tissue columns. One of the intertubular capillaries is consistently thick, and directly continues into the intertubular venules (arteriolo-venular capillary channels), which finally drain into the pampiniform plexus. These findings suggest that the male sex hormone, testosterone, as secreted by the Leidig's cells, is discharged into the intertubular capillaries and then mainly carried by the arteriolo-venular capillary channels and intertubular venules into the pampiniform plexus. This specialized drainage may ensure the presence of highly concentrated testosterone in the pampiniform plexus and allow the testosterone-exchange from the pampiniform plexus to the testicular artery. The arteriolo-venular capillary channels may also eliminate blood congestion in the testis to enhance the efficiency of the heat-exchange mechanism between the testicular artery and pampiniform plexus. Many arterio-arterial and arterio-venous anastomoses occur, which may regulate the blood flow within the testis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-172
Number of pages22
JournalArchives of Histology and Cytology
Volume52
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1989

Fingerprint

Corrosion
Blood Vessels
Testis
Microscopy
Electrons
Light
Connective Tissue
Testosterone
Arteries
Arterioles
Seminiferous Tubules
Gonadal Steroid Hormones
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Drainage
Hot Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

Cite this

@article{b115b3d0930c47969516a842525e9287,
title = "The blood vascular architecture of the rat testis: A scanning electron microscopic study of the corrosion casts followed by light microscopy of tissue sections",
abstract = "The blood vascular bed of the rat testis was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of corrosion casts and by light microscopy of tissue sections. The testicular artery penetrates the pampiniform plexus and gives rise to the intertubular arterioles. Each of these arterioles courses in the intertubular connective tissue column, and gives off intertubular and peritubular capillaries. The intertubular capillaries pass the intertubular connective tissue column, whereas the peritubular capillaries reach the peritubular connective tissue sheet. The intertubular and peritubular capillaries anastomose with each other and converge into the intertubular venules in the intertubular connective tissue columns. Thus, the blood vascular bed of the rat testis consists of hexago- or pentago-columnar capillary networks which commonly surround the seminiferous tubules. The Leidig's cells are preferentially observed in the intertubular connective tissue columns. One of the intertubular capillaries is consistently thick, and directly continues into the intertubular venules (arteriolo-venular capillary channels), which finally drain into the pampiniform plexus. These findings suggest that the male sex hormone, testosterone, as secreted by the Leidig's cells, is discharged into the intertubular capillaries and then mainly carried by the arteriolo-venular capillary channels and intertubular venules into the pampiniform plexus. This specialized drainage may ensure the presence of highly concentrated testosterone in the pampiniform plexus and allow the testosterone-exchange from the pampiniform plexus to the testicular artery. The arteriolo-venular capillary channels may also eliminate blood congestion in the testis to enhance the efficiency of the heat-exchange mechanism between the testicular artery and pampiniform plexus. Many arterio-arterial and arterio-venous anastomoses occur, which may regulate the blood flow within the testis.",
author = "T. Murakami and Y. Uno and Aiji Ohtsuka and Takehito Taguchi",
year = "1989",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "151--172",
journal = "Archives of Histology and Cytology",
issn = "0914-9465",
publisher = "Japan Society of Histological Documentation",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The blood vascular architecture of the rat testis

T2 - A scanning electron microscopic study of the corrosion casts followed by light microscopy of tissue sections

AU - Murakami, T.

AU - Uno, Y.

AU - Ohtsuka, Aiji

AU - Taguchi, Takehito

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - The blood vascular bed of the rat testis was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of corrosion casts and by light microscopy of tissue sections. The testicular artery penetrates the pampiniform plexus and gives rise to the intertubular arterioles. Each of these arterioles courses in the intertubular connective tissue column, and gives off intertubular and peritubular capillaries. The intertubular capillaries pass the intertubular connective tissue column, whereas the peritubular capillaries reach the peritubular connective tissue sheet. The intertubular and peritubular capillaries anastomose with each other and converge into the intertubular venules in the intertubular connective tissue columns. Thus, the blood vascular bed of the rat testis consists of hexago- or pentago-columnar capillary networks which commonly surround the seminiferous tubules. The Leidig's cells are preferentially observed in the intertubular connective tissue columns. One of the intertubular capillaries is consistently thick, and directly continues into the intertubular venules (arteriolo-venular capillary channels), which finally drain into the pampiniform plexus. These findings suggest that the male sex hormone, testosterone, as secreted by the Leidig's cells, is discharged into the intertubular capillaries and then mainly carried by the arteriolo-venular capillary channels and intertubular venules into the pampiniform plexus. This specialized drainage may ensure the presence of highly concentrated testosterone in the pampiniform plexus and allow the testosterone-exchange from the pampiniform plexus to the testicular artery. The arteriolo-venular capillary channels may also eliminate blood congestion in the testis to enhance the efficiency of the heat-exchange mechanism between the testicular artery and pampiniform plexus. Many arterio-arterial and arterio-venous anastomoses occur, which may regulate the blood flow within the testis.

AB - The blood vascular bed of the rat testis was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of corrosion casts and by light microscopy of tissue sections. The testicular artery penetrates the pampiniform plexus and gives rise to the intertubular arterioles. Each of these arterioles courses in the intertubular connective tissue column, and gives off intertubular and peritubular capillaries. The intertubular capillaries pass the intertubular connective tissue column, whereas the peritubular capillaries reach the peritubular connective tissue sheet. The intertubular and peritubular capillaries anastomose with each other and converge into the intertubular venules in the intertubular connective tissue columns. Thus, the blood vascular bed of the rat testis consists of hexago- or pentago-columnar capillary networks which commonly surround the seminiferous tubules. The Leidig's cells are preferentially observed in the intertubular connective tissue columns. One of the intertubular capillaries is consistently thick, and directly continues into the intertubular venules (arteriolo-venular capillary channels), which finally drain into the pampiniform plexus. These findings suggest that the male sex hormone, testosterone, as secreted by the Leidig's cells, is discharged into the intertubular capillaries and then mainly carried by the arteriolo-venular capillary channels and intertubular venules into the pampiniform plexus. This specialized drainage may ensure the presence of highly concentrated testosterone in the pampiniform plexus and allow the testosterone-exchange from the pampiniform plexus to the testicular artery. The arteriolo-venular capillary channels may also eliminate blood congestion in the testis to enhance the efficiency of the heat-exchange mechanism between the testicular artery and pampiniform plexus. Many arterio-arterial and arterio-venous anastomoses occur, which may regulate the blood flow within the testis.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024337345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024337345&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 2505820

AN - SCOPUS:0024337345

VL - 52

SP - 151

EP - 172

JO - Archives of Histology and Cytology

JF - Archives of Histology and Cytology

SN - 0914-9465

IS - 2

ER -