Background: Little is known about the effectiveness of laparoscopic microwave coagulation therapy (L-MCT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with liver cirrhosis and poor hepatic reserve. Here, we analyzed the usefulness of laparoscopic MCT by comparing the serum levels of IL-6, cytokine antagonists, and creactive protein (CRP) following L-MCT with those following MCT with the open method (O-MCT). Methods: Sixteen patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were separated into L-MCT and O-MCT groups according to ICGR15 (ICGR15 30% <:L-MCT, 30% >:O-MCT). Nine patients with poorer hepatic reserve received L-MCT, while seven patients with relatively good hepatic reserve received O-MCT. Serum levels of cytokine antagonists (interleukin-6, IL-6; interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, IL-1ra; soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor type I, sTNF-R55) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were simultaneously measured on serial postoperative days (POD) by immunoassay. Results: Postoperative serum levels of IL-6, IL-1ra, and CRP were significantly elevated on POD-1 and returned to the preoperative levels on POD-7 in both L-MCT and O-MCT groups. In contrast, no significant elevation of sTNF-R55 was found during the period in both groups. In addition, no statistical differences were found in the levels of IL-6, IL-1ra, sTNF-R, and CRP between the groups, except that the level of IL-6 on POD-1 in L-MCT group was significantly lower than that in the O-MCT group. Conclusion: These results suggested that the surgical stress by L-MCT in patients with poorer hepatic reserve were almost equal to that by O-MCT in patients with relatively good hepatic reserve, indicating the usefulness of L-MCT for HCC patients with poorer hepatic reserve. We recommend the laparoscopic approach for future patients with the criterion that ICGR15 is over 30%.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2003|
- Hepatic reserve
- Hepatocellular carcinoma
- Laparoscopic microwave coagulation therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas