The age at which the grade of Special Child Dependent's Allowance Act can be judged in the case of deaf children

Yuko Kataoka, Kunihiro Fukushima, Akiko Sugaya, Yukihide Maeda, Kazunori Nishizaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The spread of neonatal hearing screening has made the identification of hearing loss in early childhood possible, and most of the children with hearing loss are diagnosed and provided with early intervention within several months after their birth. However, they have to wait to receive the Special Child Dependent's Allowance until their hearing levels are evaluated with audiometers. Under the Special Child Dependent's Allowance Act now in force, a delay of several years occurs for those children before they can receive the allowance after diagnosis. We retrospectively reviewed hearing test results of children who had not reacted at 90dBnHL bilaterally in ABR within 12 months after birth, and examined when those results were certain enough to determine their allowance eligibility. We found that the eligibility in children with hearing loss alone could be determined at 1 year of age ; as for children who had other disorders, since it was mostly difficult to test them with an audiometer, the diagnosis of hearing loss must always be made carefully but it was also possible to determine the eligibility for the allowance at 1 year of age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1200-1204
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Otolaryngology of Japan
Volume117
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2014

Keywords

  • Children with hearing loss
  • Special Child Dependent's Allowance Act

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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