The spread of neonatal hearing screening has made the identification of hearing loss in early childhood possible, and most of the children with hearing loss are diagnosed and provided with early intervention within several months after their birth. However, they have to wait to receive the Special Child Dependent's Allowance until their hearing levels are evaluated with audiometers. Under the Special Child Dependent's Allowance Act now in force, a delay of several years occurs for those children before they can receive the allowance after diagnosis. We retrospectively reviewed hearing test results of children who had not reacted at 90dBnHL bilaterally in ABR within 12 months after birth, and examined when those results were certain enough to determine their allowance eligibility. We found that the eligibility in children with hearing loss alone could be determined at 1 year of age ; as for children who had other disorders, since it was mostly difficult to test them with an audiometer, the diagnosis of hearing loss must always be made carefully but it was also possible to determine the eligibility for the allowance at 1 year of age.
- Children with hearing loss
- Special Child Dependent's Allowance Act
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