The accuracy of a newly developed guide system in medial meniscus posterior root repair: a comparison between two aiming guides

Takayuki Furumatsu, Yuki Okazaki, Yuya Kodama, Yoshiki Okazaki, Yusuke Kamatsuki, Shin Masuda, Takaaki Hiranaka, Toshifumi Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Posterior root repair of the medial meniscus (MM) can prevent rapid progression of knee osteoarthritis in patients with a MM posterior root tear (MMPRT). The anatomic reattachment of the MM posterior root is considered to be critical in a transtibial pullout repair. However, tibial tunnel creation at the anatomic attachment is technically difficult. We hypothesized that a newly developed point-contact aiming guide [Unicorn Meniscal Root (UMR) guide] can create the tibial tunnel at a better position rather than a previously designed MMPRT guide. The aim of this study was to compare the position of the created tibial tunnel between the two meniscal root repair guides. Materials and methods: Thirty-eight patients underwent transtibial pullout repairs. Tibial tunnel creation was performed using the UMR guide (19 cases) or MMPRT guide (19 cases). Three-dimensional computed tomography images of the tibial surface were evaluated using the Tsukada’s measurement method postoperatively. The expected anatomic center of the MM posterior root attachment was defined as the center of three tangential lines referring to three anatomic bony landmarks (anterior border of the posterior cruciate ligament, lateral margin of the medial tibial plateau, and retro-eminence ridge). The expected anatomic center and tibial tunnel center were evaluated using the percentage-based posterolateral location on the tibial surface. The distance between the anatomic center and tunnel center was calculated. Results: The anatomic center of the MM posterior root footprint was located at a position of 79.2% posterior and 39.5% lateral. The mean of the tunnel center in the UMR guide was similar to that in the MMPRT guide (posterior direction, P = 0.096; lateral direction, P = 0.280). The mean distances between the tunnel center and the anatomic center were 4.06 and 3.99 mm in the UMR and MMPRT guide group, respectively (P = 0.455). Conclusions: The UMR guide, as well as the MMPRT guide, is a useful device to create favorable tibial tunnels at the MM posterior root attachment for pullout repairs in patients with MMPRTs. Level of evidence: IV

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
JournalKnee Surgery and Related Research
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Knee
  • Medial meniscus
  • Pullout repair
  • Root tear
  • Tibial guide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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