The absence of brain-specific link protein Bral2 in perineuronal nets hampers auditory temporal resolution and neural adaptation in mice

J. Popelář, M. Díaz Gómez, J. Lindovskỳ, N. Rybalko, J. Burianová, Toshitaka Oohashi, J. Syka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brain-specific link protein Bral2 represents a substantial component of perineuronal nets (PNNs) enwrapping neurons in the central nervous system. To elucidate the role of Bral2 in auditory signal processing, the hearing function in knockout Bral2-/- (KO) mice was investigated using behavioral and electrophysiological methods and compared with wild type Bral2+/+ (WT) mice. The amplitudes of the acoustic startle reflex (ASR) and the efficiency of the prepulse inhibition of ASR (PPI of ASR), produced by prepulse noise stimulus or gap in continuous noise, was similar in 2-week-old WT and KO mice. Over the 2-month postnatal period the increase of ASR amplitudes was significantly more evident in WT mice than in KO mice. The efficiency of the PPI of ASR significantly increased in the 2-month postnatal period in WT mice, whereas in KO mice the PPI efficiency did not change. Hearing thresholds in 2-month-old WT mice, based on the auditory brainstem response (ABR) recordings, were significantly lower at high frequencies than in KO mice. However, amplitudes and peak latencies of individual waves of click-evoked ABR did not differ significantly between WT and KO mice. Temporal resolution and neural adaptation were significantly better in 2-month-old WT mice than in age-matched KO mice. These results support a hypothesis that the absence of perineuronal net formation at the end of the developmental period in the KO mice results in higher hearing threshold at high frequencies and weaker temporal resolution ability in adult KO animals compared to WT mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-880
Number of pages14
JournalPhysiological Research
Volume66
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Acoustic startle reflex
  • Auditory brainstem response
  • Critical period
  • Perineuronal nets
  • Prepulse inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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    Popelář, J., Díaz Gómez, M., Lindovskỳ, J., Rybalko, N., Burianová, J., Oohashi, T., & Syka, J. (2017). The absence of brain-specific link protein Bral2 in perineuronal nets hampers auditory temporal resolution and neural adaptation in mice. Physiological Research, 66(5), 867-880.