Objective: To investigate the relationship between postoperative renal function and resected cortex margin volume calculated by a 3-dimensional reconstruction technique based on the resected specimen, and to determine predictors of renal function after robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. Methods: A total of 114 patients underwent robot-assisted partial nephrectomy from 2014 to 2018. Patients without a 1 mm slice computed tomography or renal scintigraphy were excluded. We identified the margins of the tumor from each resected specimen with 2 mm margin being added as the ischemic margin. The volume of the renal cortex was calculated automatically using 3-dimensional volume analyzer software. The total margin volume was excluded from the ipsilateral cortex volume to calculate the cortex volume split. Predicted estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the change in cortex volume and then compared with the actual eGFR. Results: Eighty-two patients were included in this retrospective study. Sixty-six patients (80%) were cT1a. A strong correlation was observed between renal scintigraphy split and pre- and postoperative cortex volume split (Pearson correlation coefficient r = 0.9330 and 0.8742, respectively). The predicted eGFR correlated strongly with post 1, 3, 6, and 12 months eGFR (r = 0.8929, 0.9294, 0.9320, and 0.8952, respectively). Preoperative relative renal function and total cortex margin volume were independent risk factors for decreasing postoperative renal function. Conclusion: This precise volumetric assessment that includes the resected margin is an alternative to renal scintigraphy for predicting postoperative relative renal function. The healthy cortex margin volume calculated by the reconstruction technique is an independent risk factor of decreasing postoperative renal function.
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