The ΔfliD mutant of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci, which secretes flagellin monomers, induces a strong hypersensitive reaction (HR) in non-host tomato cells

R. Shimizu, F. Taguchi, M. Marutani, T. Mukaihara, Y. Inagaki, K. Toyoda, T. Shiraishi, Y. Ichinose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the role of flagella and monomer flagellin in the interaction between Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci and plants, non-polar fliC and fliD mutants were produced. The ORFs for fliC and fliD are deleted in the ΔfliC and ΔfliD mutants, respectively. Both mutants lost all flagella and were non-motile. The ΔfliC mutant did not produce flagellin, whereas the ΔfliD mutant, which lacks the HAP2 protein, secreted large amounts of monomer flagellin into the culture medium. Inoculation of non-host tomato leaves with wild-type P. syringae pv. tabaci or the ΔfliD mutant induced a hypersensitive reaction (HR), whereas the ΔfliC mutant propagated and caused characteristic symptom-like changes. In tomato cells in suspension culture, wild-type P. syringae pv. tabaci induced slight, visible HR-like changes. The ΔfliC mutant did not induce HR, but the ΔfliD mutant induced a remarkably strong HR. Expression of the hsr203J gene was rapidly and strongly induced by inoculation with the ΔfliD mutant, compared to inoculation with wild-type P. syringae pv. tabaci. Furthermore, introduction of the fliC gene into the ΔfliC mutant restored motility and HR-inducing ability in tomato. These results, together with our previous study, suggest that the flagellin monomer of pv. tabaci acts as a strong elicitor to induce HR-associated cell death in non-host tomato cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-30
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Genetics and Genomics
Volume269
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2003

Keywords

  • Elicitor
  • Flagella
  • Flagellin
  • Hypersensitive reaction (HR)
  • fliCD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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