Thalidomide prevents formation of multinucleated giant cells (Langhans-type cells) from cultured monocytes: Possible pharmaceutical applications for granulomatous disorders

Kozo Yasui, M. Yashiro, Y. Nagaoka, A. Manki, T. Wada, M. Tsuge, Y. Kondo, T. Morishima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thalidomide is an effective drug for chronic inflammatory diseases, but the mechanism underlying its immunomodulatory action remains uncertain. Thalidomide has been reported to clinically improve chronic inflammatory granulomatous disorders. In such disorders, the granulomas consist of epithelioid cells, scattered lymphocytes and multinucleated giant cells (MNGC; Langhans-type cells). The present experimental approach permitted the reproduction of MNGC formation from peripheral blood monocytes and examination of thalidomide's effect on it. MNGC can be effectively generated from monocytes cultured in the presence of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) for 14 days. Thalidomide can inhibit the formation of MNGC in a dose-dependent manner. MNGC formation was partly inhibited by the presence of neutralizing TNF-α antibody in the responses induced by IL-4 and M-CSF. Autocrinal TNF-α production and modulation of cadhelin expression to regulate cell adhesion might be involved in this inhibitory action of thalidomide. Our results support thalidomide's clinical efficacy in the treatment of chronic granulomatous disorders (granulomatosis).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-714
Number of pages8
JournalInternational journal of immunopathology and pharmacology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Granuloma
  • Interleukin-4 (IL-4)
  • Langhans cell
  • Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF)
  • Sarcoidosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology

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