Temperature scanning Fourier transform infrared, TS-FTIR, spectroscopy of various amorphous sugar matrixes was conducted to investigate the relationship between the glass transition temperature, Tg, of an amorphous sugar matrix and the nature of the hydrogen bonds in the matrix. An amorphous sugar matrix was prepared by air-drying an aqueous solution of sugar, and the degree of formation of hydrogen bonds in the matrix was evaluated at different temperatures using the peak positions of the IR band corresponding to the O-H stretching vibration at around 3400 cm-1. The Tg value increased with increasing peak position of the O-H stretching vibration at Tg and were correlated reasonably well with the magnitude of the peak shift by the temperature increase (from 25°C) to the Tg value. This demonstrates that the amorphous sugar matrix, in which the segments are fixed by fewer hydrogen bonds, has a higher thermal resistance. The glycosidic linkage largely contributes to the restriction of the segments, pyranose ring, rather than a hydrogen bond. As the degree of polymerization of pyranose rings increases, the degree of hydrogen bond formation needed to hold the matrix in a fixed position decreases. However, the magnitude of the restriction of pyranose rings by a glycosidic linkage changes depending on the type: the restrictions imposed by a-1,1 and -1,6 glycosidic linkages are the tightest and most flexible of all of the types of glycosidic linkages, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry