Temperature measurement of end gas under knocking condition in an S.I. engine by laser interferometry

Yoshisuke Hamamoto, Eiji Tomita, Dong min Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Knock is one of the most significant problems that limit the efficiency of an internal combustion engine. It is caused by autoignition of the unburned gas ahead of the flame. In order to understand the knock phenomenon, it is important to measure the temperature of unburned gas. In this study, with polarization maintaining optical fibers, the laser interference measurement of unburned gas temperature was performed in a constant volume vessel and a specially designed engine which could be ignited only once. The engine fueled with n-butane, oxygen and argon, was operated under knocking conditions. When the density of the gas changes, the change of the optical path length of test beam corresponds to the change of refractive index. The temperature history of the unburned gas was determined by measuring the pressure and the change of interference signal. The optical fiber interference system had the advantage of resisting mechanical vibration because test and reference beams were transmitted in the same optical fiber and were separated only in the test section.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-317
Number of pages5
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume60
Issue number573
Publication statusPublished - May 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Laser interferometry
laser interferometry
International System of Units
Temperature measurement
temperature measurement
engines
Engines
optical fibers
Optical fibers
Gases
interference
gases
vibration tests
internal combustion engines
spontaneous combustion
Combustion knock
Polarization-maintaining fiber
butanes
gas temperature
optical paths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Knock is one of the most significant problems that limit the efficiency of an internal combustion engine. It is caused by autoignition of the unburned gas ahead of the flame. In order to understand the knock phenomenon, it is important to measure the temperature of unburned gas. In this study, with polarization maintaining optical fibers, the laser interference measurement of unburned gas temperature was performed in a constant volume vessel and a specially designed engine which could be ignited only once. The engine fueled with n-butane, oxygen and argon, was operated under knocking conditions. When the density of the gas changes, the change of the optical path length of test beam corresponds to the change of refractive index. The temperature history of the unburned gas was determined by measuring the pressure and the change of interference signal. The optical fiber interference system had the advantage of resisting mechanical vibration because test and reference beams were transmitted in the same optical fiber and were separated only in the test section.",
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