Temperature dependent local atomic displacements in ammonia intercalated iron selenide superconductor

E. Paris, L. Simonelli, Takanori Wakita, C. Marini, J. H. Lee, W. Olszewski, Kensei Terashima, T. Kakuto, N. Nishimoto, T. Kimura, Kazutaka Kudo, Takashi Kambe, Minoru Nohara, Takayoshi Yokoya, N. L. Saini

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Abstract

Recently, ammonia-thermal reaction has been used for molecular intercalation in layered FeSe, resulting a new Li x (NH 3) y Fe 2 Se 2 superconductor with T c ∼ 45 K. Here, we have used temperature dependent extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) to investigate local atomic displacements in single crystals of this new superconductor. Using polarized EXAFS at Fe K-edge we have obtained direct information on the local Fe-Se and Fe-Fe bondlengths and corresponding mean square relative displacements (MSRD). We find that the Se-height in the intercalated system is lower than the one in the binary FeSe, suggesting compressed FeSe 4 tetrahedron in the title system. Incidentally, there is hardly any effect of the intercalation on the bondlengths characteristics, revealed by the Einstein temperatures, that are similar to those found in the binary FeSe. Therefore, the molecular intercalation induces an effective compression and decouples the FeSe slabs. Furthermore, the results reveal an anomalous change in the atomic correlations across T c, appearing as a clear decrease in the MSRD, indicating hardening of the local lattice mode. Similar response of the local lattice has been found in other families of superconductors, e.g., A15-type and cuprates superconductors. This observation suggests that local atomic correlations should have some direct correlation with the superconductivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number27646
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 9 2016

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Paris, E., Simonelli, L., Wakita, T., Marini, C., Lee, J. H., Olszewski, W., Terashima, K., Kakuto, T., Nishimoto, N., Kimura, T., Kudo, K., Kambe, T., Nohara, M., Yokoya, T., & Saini, N. L. (2016). Temperature dependent local atomic displacements in ammonia intercalated iron selenide superconductor. Scientific Reports, 6, [27646]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep27646