Temperature dependence of the fatigue and mechanical properties of lead zirconate titanate piezoelectric ceramics

Mitsuhiro Okayasu, Masashi Otake, Teruo Bitoh, Mamoru Mizuno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents research results on the temperature dependence of the fatigue and mechanical properties of piezoelectric ceramics. The material being examined is a lead zirconate titanate piezoelectric ceramic, PZT. The fatigue strength apparently increases with increasing sample temperature. The mean endurance limit at 105 cycles for the sample tested at 573 K is twice as high as that at 293 K. Similarly, the bending strength of the PZT increases with increasing sample temperature. A maximum bending strength is obtained at a sample temperature between 573 K and 773 K. The increment in the bending strength is attributed to the distorted lattice structure, in which a tetragonal lattice system is being changed to a cubic structure at 573 K, the Curie temperature. On the other hand, the reduction in the bending strength at temperatures greater than 773 K is caused by a reduction in the concentration of oxygen defects and high thermal energy, leading to dislocation movement. A wavy fracture surface with a mixture of transgranular and intergranular fractures is obtained in the samples fractured at temperatures between 573 K and 773 K due to the distorted lattice structure. In contrast, a flat face with transgranular fracture appears in tests at the room temperature and the high temperature (over 773 K). Details of the fracture mechanism are further discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1254-1261
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Fatigue
Volume31
Issue number8-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Piezoelectric Ceramics
Piezoelectric ceramics
Temperature Dependence
Fatigue
Mechanical Properties
Fatigue of materials
Mechanical properties
Bending strength
Lattice Structure
Temperature
Fatigue Strength
Lattice System
lead titanate zirconate
Dislocation
Increment
Curie temperature
Thermal energy
Oxygen
Defects
Face

Keywords

  • Brittle fracture
  • Ceramic
  • Failure assessment
  • Fractography
  • Fracture mechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Modelling and Simulation

Cite this

Temperature dependence of the fatigue and mechanical properties of lead zirconate titanate piezoelectric ceramics. / Okayasu, Mitsuhiro; Otake, Masashi; Bitoh, Teruo; Mizuno, Mamoru.

In: International Journal of Fatigue, Vol. 31, No. 8-9, 08.2009, p. 1254-1261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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