The crystallographic orientation relationship between hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanocrystals and poly (acrylic acid) (PAA) graftpolymer-modified poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) substrate was studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). We observed the microstructure of fabricated rod-like HAp nanocrystals and the interface of HAp/PET composite where, the HAp nanocrystals are bonded onto PAA graftpolymer-modified PET substrate. The selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern of interface of the HAp/PET composite indicated that some low index planes in HAp prism plane tended to be contact plane with the PET substrate surface. In particular, the  plane was distinctly found as the contact plane with PET substrate. In this material, it has been reported that the carboxyl groups of PAA graft-polymer are ionically-bonded with Ca ions on surface of the HAp nanocrystal. It was suggested that the periodic ionic arrangements of the  plane play an important role on the bonding between the HAp nanocrystals and the carboxyl groups of graft-polymer on the PET substrate.
- Transmission electron microscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry