Telmisartan attenuates diabetic nephropathy by suppressing oxidative stress in db/db mice

Chikage Sato-Horiguchi, Daisuke Ogawa, Jun Wada, Hiromi Tachibana, Ryo Kodera, Jun Eguchi, Atsuko Nakatsuka, Naoto Terami, Kenichi Shikata, Hirofumi Makino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: Telmisartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker, is widely used to treat hypertension and kidney diseases, including diabetic nephropathy, because of its renoprotective effects. However, the mechanism by which telmisartan prevents proteinuria and renal dysfunction in diabetic nephropathy is still unclear. In this study, we examined the effects of telmisartan against diabetic nephropathy in db/db mice. Methods: Telmisartan was administered at a dose of 5 mg/kg/day for 3 weeks to db/db (diabetic) and db/m (control) mice. Urinary albumin excretion, renal histology, and the gene expression of oxidative stress and inflammatory markers in renal tissue were determined. To evaluate the effects of telmisartan on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, superoxide was detected by dihydroethidium (DHE) staining in vivo and in vitro. Results: Telmisartan reduced albuminuria, mesangial matrix expansion, macrophage infiltration, and the expression of ROS markers (NADPH oxidase 4-and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine) and inflammatory cytokines (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, osteopontin, and transforming growth factor-β) in the kidney. DHE staining showed that telmisartan decreased ROS generation in the kidney and in cultured mesangial and proximal tubular epithelial cells. Conclusions: Taken together, these findings indicate that telmisartan protects against diabetic nephropathy by reducing diabetes-induced oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e97-e108
JournalNephron - Experimental Nephrology
Volume121
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Inflammation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Nephrology

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