Technique of vessel-skeletonized parenchyma-sparing hepatectomy for the oncological treatment of bilobar colorectal liver metastases

Yuzo Umeda, Takeshi Nagasaka, Kosei Takagi, Ryuichi Yoshida, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Tomokazu Fuji, Tatsuo Matsuda, Kazuya Yasui, Kenjiro Kumano, Hiroki Sato, Takahito Yagi, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: To aid in the oncological management of multiple bilobar colorectal liver metastases (CRLMs), we describe a new surgical procedure, VEssel-Skeletonized PArenchyma-sparing Hepatectomy (VESPAH). Study design: Of 152 patients with CRLMs treated with hepatectomy, 33 patients had multiple bilobar liver metastases (≥8 liver metastases); their surgical procedures and clinical outcomes were retrospectively summarized and compared between those who underwent VESPAH and those who underwent major hepatectomy (Major Hx). Results: Of the 33 patients, 20 patients were resected by VESPAH (the VESPAH group) and 13 patients by major hepatectomy (Major Hx group). The median number of CRLMs was 13 (range, 8–53) in the VESPAH group and 10 (range, 8–41) in the Major Hx group (P=0.511). No operative mortality nor severe morbidity was observed in either group. The VESPAH group showed earlier recovery of remnant liver function after surgery than the Major Hx group; the incidence of grade B/C post hepatectomy liver failure was 5% in the VESPAH group and 38% in the Major Hx group, P=0.048). Intrahepatic tumor recurrence was confirmed in 14 (70%) and 7 (54%) patients in the VESPAH and Major Hx groups, respectively (P=0.416). There was no significant difference in median overall survival (OS) after hepatectomy between the two groups; the median OS was 47 months in the VESPAH group and 33 months in the Major Hx group (P=0.481). The VESPAH group showed the higher induction rate of adjuvant chemotherapy within 2 months after surgery (P=0.002) and total number of repeat hepatectomy for intrahepatic recurrence (P=0.060) than the Major Hx group. Conclusions: VESPAH enables us to clear surgical navigation by hepatic vessel skeletonization and may enhance patient tolerability of not only adjuvant chemotherapy but also repeat hepatectomies during the patients’ lifetimes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLangenbeck's Archives of Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Hepatectomy
  • Liver metastasis
  • Parenchyma-sparing
  • Vessel skeletonization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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