Taxonomic reorganization of family Partitiviridae and other recent progress in partitivirus research

Max L. Nibert, Said A. Ghabrial, Edgar Maiss, Till Lesker, Eeva J. Vainio, Daohong Jiang, Nobuhiro Suzuki

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    176 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Phylogenetic analyses have prompted a taxonomic reorganization of family Partitiviridae (encapsidated, bisegmented dsRNA viruses that infect plants, fungi, or protozoa), the focus of this review. After a brief introduction to partitiviruses, the taxonomic changes are discussed, including replacement of former genera Partitivirus, Alphacryptovirus, and Betacryptovirus, with new genera Alphapartitivirus, Betapartitivirus, Gammapartitivirus, and Deltapartitivirus, as well as redistribution of species among these new genera. To round out the review, other recent progress of note in partitivirus research is summarized, including discoveries of novel partitivirus sequences by metagenomic approaches and mining of sequence databases, determinations of fungal partitivirus particle structures, demonstrations of fungal partitivirus transmission to new fungal host species, evidence for other aspects of partitivirus-host interactions and host effects, and identification of other fungal or plant viruses with some similarities to partitiviruses. Some outstanding questions are also discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)128-141
    Number of pages14
    JournalVirus research
    Volume188
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 8 2014

    Keywords

    • Cryptovirus
    • DsRNA virus
    • Fungal virus
    • Partitiviridae
    • Partitivirus
    • Plant virus
    • Protozoal virus
    • Virus taxonomy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Virology
    • Infectious Diseases
    • Cancer Research

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