Targeted kinetic strategy for improving the thermal conductivity of epoxy composite containing percolating multi-layer graphene oxide chains

T. Zhou, H. Koga, M. Nogi, T. Sugahara, S. Nagao, T. T. Nge, K. Suganuma, H. W. Cui, F. Liu, Yuta Nishina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

By adding 2 wt% multi-layer graphene oxide (MGO) to an epoxy resin, the thermal conductivity of the composite reached a maximum, 2.03 times that of the epoxy. The presence of 2 wt%MGO percolating chains leads to an unprecedentedly sharp rise in energy barrier at final curing stage, but an increased epoxy curing degree (!IR) is observed; however, this !IR difference nearly disappears after aging or thermal annealing. These results suggest that the steep concentration gradient of –OH, originated from the 2 wt%MGO percolating chains, exerts the vital driving force on the residual isolated/ trapped epoxy to conquer barrier for epoxy-MGO reaction. A modified Shrinking Core Model customized for the special layered-structure of MGO sheet was proposed to understand the resistance variation during the intercalative epoxy-MGO reaction. It shows that the promoted intercalative crosslinking is highly desirable for further improving the thermal conductivity of the composite, but it meets with increased resistance. Guided by the kinetic studies, targeted optimization on the cure processing strategy was accordingly proposed to promote the intercalative crosslinking, a thermal conductivity, 2.96 times that of the epoxy, was got with only a small amount (30°C) increase of the post-heating temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)608-623
Number of pages16
JournalExpress Polymer Letters
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Graphite
Oxides
Graphene
Thermal conductivity
graphene
thermal conductivity
Kinetics
composite materials
oxides
Composite materials
kinetics
crosslinking
curing
Crosslinking
Curing
Epoxy Resins
Energy barriers
epoxy resins
Epoxy resins
Aging of materials

Keywords

  • Graphene oxide
  • Nanocomposites
  • Polymer composites
  • Thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Targeted kinetic strategy for improving the thermal conductivity of epoxy composite containing percolating multi-layer graphene oxide chains. / Zhou, T.; Koga, H.; Nogi, M.; Sugahara, T.; Nagao, S.; Nge, T. T.; Suganuma, K.; Cui, H. W.; Liu, F.; Nishina, Yuta.

In: Express Polymer Letters, Vol. 9, No. 7, 2015, p. 608-623.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhou, T. ; Koga, H. ; Nogi, M. ; Sugahara, T. ; Nagao, S. ; Nge, T. T. ; Suganuma, K. ; Cui, H. W. ; Liu, F. ; Nishina, Yuta. / Targeted kinetic strategy for improving the thermal conductivity of epoxy composite containing percolating multi-layer graphene oxide chains. In: Express Polymer Letters. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 7. pp. 608-623.
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