Tactile angle discriminability improvement: roles of training time intervals and different types of training tasks

Wu Wang, Jiajia Yang, Yinghua Yu, Qiong Wu, Jiabin Yu, Satoshi Takahashi, Yoshimichi Ejima, Jinglong Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Perceptual learning, which is not limited to sensory modalities such as vision and touch, emerges within a training session and between training sessions and is accompanied by the remodeling of neural connections in the cortex. However, limited knowledge exists regarding perceptual learning between training sessions. Although tactile studies have paid attention to between-session learning effects, there have been few studies asking fundamental questions regarding whether the time interval between training sessions affects tactile perceptual learning and generalization across tactile tasks. We investigated the effects of different training time intervals on the consecutive performance of a tactile angle discrimination (AD) task and a tactile orientation discrimination (OD) task training on tactile angle discriminability. The results indicated that in the short-interval training group, AD task performance significantly improved in the early stage of learning and nearly plateaued in the later stage, whereas in the long-interval training group, significant improvement was delayed and then also nearly plateaued in the later stage; additionally, improved OD task performance resulted in improved AD task performance. These findings suggest that training time interval affects the early stage of learning but not the later stage and that generalization occurs between different types of tactile tasks.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Perceptual learning, which constitutes important foundations of complicated cognitive processes, is learning better perception skills. We demonstrate that training time interval can affect the early stage of learning but not the later stage. Moreover, a tactile orientation discrimination training task can also improve tactile angle discrimination performance. These findings may expand the characteristics of between-session learning and help understand the mechanism of the generalization across tactile tasks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1918-1927
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of neurophysiology
Volume122
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2019

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Keywords

  • between-session learning
  • generalization
  • tactile angle discriminability
  • training time interval

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology

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