TABS, a T cell activation antigen that induces LFA-1-dependent aggregation

D. P. Andrew, T. Yoshino, L. Guh, M. T.G. Martin-Simonet, E. C. Butcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe here a mAb, DATK44, which induces homotypic aggregation of TK1 cells (a CD8 lymphoma). The glycoprotein recognized by DATK44 is of approximate m.w. 50 kDa and is expressed by monocytes, neutrophils, and subsets of lymphocytes, as well as on the high endothelial venule in peripheral and mesenteric lymph nodes. We named this Ag TABS (T cell activation B cell subset Ag), as TABS appears on T lymphocyte activation and is expressed at low and high levels by B cells. TABS is differentially regulated during T lymphocyte development, CD4(+ve)CD8(+ve) thymocytes being TABS(high), while single positive CD4(+ve) and CD8(+ve) thymocytes are TABS(dull) CD4(-ve)CD8(-ve) thymocytes are clearly split into dull and bright populations by the mAb. On exit from the thymus, T lymphocytes cease to express TABS, but T lymphocyte activation results in re-expression of TABS. TABS also shows tight coregulation with heat stable Ag on resting lymphocytes, but coexpression of these two molecules is lost upon lymphocyte activation. DATK44-induced aggregation of TK1 cells is temperature sensitive and blocked by pretreatment of the cells with metabolic inhibitors, genestein, dibutyl cAMP or cytochalasin B, while colchicine, staurosporin, sphingosine, okadaic acid, and W7 are without effect. DATK44-induced TK1 cell aggregation appears to be mediated by the LFA-1 pathway, as aggregation is blocked by anti-LFA-1 and anti-ICAM-1 mAbs but not by Abs capable of blocking CD44 and α4β7-mediated adhesion. Thus, TABS appears to be an adhesion inducer that selectively activates LFA-1-mediated lymphocyte aggregation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1671-1684
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume155
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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