Systemic therapy and prognosis of older patients with stage II/III breast cancer: A large-scale analysis of the Japanese Breast Cancer Registry

Akimitsu Yamada, Hiraku Kumamaru, Chikako Shimizu, Naruto Taira, Kanako Nakayama, Mika Miyashita, Naoko Honma, Hiroaki Miyata, Itaru Endo, Shigehira Saji, Masataka Sawaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: This study aimed at investigating the real-world prognostic impact of systemic treatment in older patients with stage II/III breast cancer (BC). Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients with stage II/III primary BC, aged ≥55 years, and registered in the Japanese Breast Cancer Registry from 2004 to 2011. The clinicopathological characteristics, treatments, and prognosis of patients aged ≥75 years (older) were compared to those of younger patients. Results: In total, 56,093 patients (12,727, ≥75 years; 17,860, 65–74 years; 25,506, 55–64 years) were enrolled. In the older group, 9.2% with a luminal (hormone receptor [HR]+/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 [HER2]-), 32.9% with a triple-negative (TN, HR-/HER2-), and 27.4% with a HER2-positive (any-HR/HER2+) receptor were administered chemotherapy. In those with luminal cancer, the 5-year breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) was approximately 95% in all age groups. Meanwhile, among those with TN and HER2-positive BC, the older group had a poorer BCSS. The 5-year overall survival (OS) was also poorer in the older group across all subtypes. Among older patients matched using clinicopathological factors, chemotherapy use was associated with improved OS in the luminal and HER2-positive subtypes. Conclusions: Chemotherapy use was lower among older patients with stage II/III breast cancer. Those with TN and HER2-positive BC had a lower BCSS than their younger counterparts. Chemotherapy may be beneficial in improving the OS in older patients with luminal and HER2-positive BCs. Treatment for older patients should be individualized, based on tumor-related factors, quality of life, and the patient's health status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Chemotherapy
  • Japan
  • Older
  • Registries
  • Survival analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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