Systemic Study of Orbital and Spin Nematicity in NaFe1−xCoxAs by NMR

Rui Zhou, Guo-Qing Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nematic order, a self-organized state with rotational symmetry broken, has been observed in both copper-oxide and iron-pnictide high temperature superconductors. However, its origin is still a mystery in the iron pnictides although it is considered as a key to understand the mechanism of superconductivity. Here, we report a systemic nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) study on NaFe1−xCoxAs (0 ≤x ≤ 0.042) that an orbital order, accompanied by an instant spin nematicity, occurs at at a temperature T far above structural transition temperature Ts in the tetragonal phase. We show that the observed NMR spectra splitting and its evolution is due to an incommensurate orbital order that sets in below T and becomes commensurate below Ts. We show that the electric field gradient asymmetry parameter is a good measure for the orbital order parameter which undergoes a Landau-like 2nd-order phase transition. We further show that the spin nematicity is well accounted for by the observed orbital order.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-863
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2017

Fingerprint

Nuclear magnetic resonance
Iron
orbitals
nuclear magnetic resonance
Group 5A compounds
Copper oxides
High temperature superconductors
Superconductivity
Superconducting transition temperature
Phase transitions
Electric fields
iron
copper oxides
high temperature superconductors
broken symmetry
superconductivity
transition temperature
asymmetry
gradients
Temperature

Keywords

  • Iron pnictides
  • Nematic order
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Systemic Study of Orbital and Spin Nematicity in NaFe1−xCoxAs by NMR. / Zhou, Rui; Zheng, Guo-Qing.

In: Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism, Vol. 30, No. 4, 01.04.2017, p. 857-863.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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