Systematic investigations of annealing and functionalization of carbon nanotube yarns

Maik Scholz, Yasuhiko Hayashi, Victoria Eckert, Vyacheslav Khavrus, Albrecht Leonhardt, Bernd Büchner, Michael Mertig, Silke Hampel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon nanotube yarns (CNY) are a novel carbonaceous material and have received a great deal of interest since the beginning of the 21st century. CNY are of particular interest due to their useful heat conducting, electrical conducting, and mechanical properties. The electrical conductivity of carbon nanotube yarns can also be influenced by functionalization and annealing. A systematical study of this post synthetic treatment will assist in understanding what factors influences the conductivity of these materials. In this investigation, it is shown that the electrical conductivity can be increased by a factor of 2 and 5.5 through functionalization with acids and high temperature annealing respectively. The scale of the enhancement is dependent on the reducing of intertube space in case of functionalization. For annealing, not only is the highly graphitic structure of the carbon nanotubes (CNT) important, but it is also shown to influence the residual amorphous carbon in the structure. The promising results of this study can help to utilize CNY as a replacement for common materials in the field of electrical wiring.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbermolecules25051144
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 4 2020


  • Acid treatment
  • Annealing
  • Carbon nanotube
  • Carbon nanotube yarns
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Functionalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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