The removal of cations such as Pb2+, Mn2+, Co2+ and Cu2+ in aqueous solution by four synthetic hydroxyapatites (S-1, S-2, S-3, S-4) has been investigated using both batch and column methods. The removal is due not only to an adsorption effect but also to an ion-exchange reaction between the cations in solution and the Ca2+ ions of the apatites. The order of the ions according to the amount exchanged was as follows: Pb2+ > Cu2+ > Mn2+ ≃ Co2+. Pb2+ ions were readily removed by the apatites and the maximum value for the exchange of Pb2+ ions was 230 mg per g of S-4 apatite. The apatites, particularly S-4, would seem to be possible agents for the removal of toxic Pb2+ ions. The selectivity of the apatites for the cations can be explained by considering the radii and the electronegativities of the ions.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1: Physical Chemistry in Condensed Phases|
|Publication status||Published - 1982|
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