γ-Secretase cleaves amyloid β-precursor protein (APP) to generate amyloid-β peptide (Aβ), which is a causative molecule of Alzheimer disease (AD). The C-terminal length of Aβ, which is determined by γ-secretase activity, determines the aggregation and deposition profiles of Aβ, thereby affecting the onset of AD. In this study, we found that the synthetic ceramide analogues DL-threo-1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol (PDMP) and (1S,2R-D-erythro-2-N-myristoylamino)-1-phenyl-1-propanol (DMAPP) modulated γ-secretase-mediated cleavage to increase Aβ42 production. Unexpectedly, PDMP and DMAPP upregulated Aβ42 production independent of alteration of ceramide metabolism. Our results propose that synthetic ceramide analogues function as novel γ-secretase modulators that increase Aβ42, and this finding might lead to the understanding of the effect of the lipid environment on γ-secretase activity.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 6 2015|
- Alzheimer disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology