Synthesis of 11C-Labeled RXR Partial Agonist 1-[(3,5,5,8,8-Pentamethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)amino]benzotriazole-5-carboxylic Acid (CBt-PMN) by Direct [11C]Carbon Dioxide Fixation via Organolithiation of Trialkyltin Precursor and PET Imaging Thereof

Osamu Shibahara, Masaki Watanabe, Shoya Yamada, Masaru Akehi, Takanori Sasaki, Akiya Akahoshi, Takahisa Hanada, Hiroyuki Hirano, Shunsuke Nakatani, Hiromi Nishioka, Yasuo Takeuchi, Hiroki Kakuta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The retinoid X receptor (RXR) partial agonist 1-[(3,5,5,8,8-pentamethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthalen-2-yl)amino]benzotriazole-5-carboxylic acid (1; CBt-PMN, Emax = 75%, EC50 = 143 nM) is a candidate for treatment of central nervous system (CNS) diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases based on reports that RXR-full agonist 4-[1-(3,5,5,8,8-pentamethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-2-naphthyl)ethynyl]benzoic acid (bexarotene) shows therapeutic effects on these disease in rodent models. Here, we synthesized carbon-11-labeled ([11C]1) as a tracer for positron emission tomography (PET) and used it in a PET imaging study to examine the brain uptake and biodistribution of 1. We found that 11CO2 fixation after tin-lithium exchange at -20 °C afforded [11C]1. This methodology may also be useful for synthesizing 11CO2H-PET tracer derivatives of other compounds bearing π-rich heterocyclic rings. A PET/CT imaging study of [11C]1 in mice indicated 1 is distributed to the brain and is thus a candidate for treatment of CNS diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7139-7145
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of medicinal chemistry
Volume60
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 24 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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