In order to examine the effect of modifications at the 3′ overhang regions of short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) on their gene-silencing activities, we designed and synthesized novel siRNAs having thymidine dimers consisting of a carbamate or a urea linkage at their 3′ overhang regions. Suppression of human RNase L protein expression by these siRNAs was analyzed by immunoblot with RNase L-specific antibody. It was found that, at 24 h post-transfection, the modified siRNAs having the thymidine dimers with the carbamate and urea linkage suppress the protein expression 78 and 37 times more efficiently than that with the natural phosphodiester linkage, respectively. Furthermore, the siRNA containing the carbamate linkage was 37 times more resistant to nucleolytic degradation by snake venom phosphodiesterase than the siRNA consisting of the natural phosphodiester linkage. Thus, the RNA duplexes having the thymidine dimers with the carbamate or urea linkage at their 3′ overhang regions will be promising candidates for novel siRNA molecules to down-regulate protein expression.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - May 20 2005|
- RNase L
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology