o-Bromobenzyl alcohol has been developed as a novel annulating reagent, bearing both nucleophilic and electrophilic substituents, for the facile synthesis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. A palladium/electron-deficient phosphine catalyst efficiently coupled o-iodobiphenyls or (Z)-β-halostyrenes with o-bromobenzyl alcohols to afford triphenylenes and phenanthrenes, respectively. The present cascade reaction proceeded through deacetonative cross-coupling and sequential intramolecular cyclization. An array of experimental data suggest that the reaction mechanism involves the equilibrium of 1,4-palladium migration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry