The title sugar analogues were synthesized through three routes, by starting with three kinds of 6-O-tosyl-D-fructofuranoses. (i) Treatment of the known 2,3-O-isopropylidene-1,6-di-O-tosyl-β-D-fructofuranose successively with methyl iodide-silver oxide, sodium iodide and diethyl phenylphosphonite provided 6-deoxy-6-[(ethoxy)phenylphosphinoyl]-2,3-O-isopropylidene-4-O-methyl-1-O-tosyl- β-D-fructofuranose in 67% overall yield. This was reduced with sodium dihydrobis-(2-methoxyethoxy)aluminate, followed by hydrolysis with acid, to afford a mixture of the 4-O-methyl-1-O-tosyl and 1-deoxy-4-O-methyl derivatives of the title compound. (ii) Treatment of D-fructose with 2-methoxypropene in the presence of TsOH and then with TsCl in pyridine afforded 1,3-O-isopropylidene-6-O-tosyl-α-D-fructofuranose (35% yield). This was subjected to the same five-step conversion, to give the 4-O-methyl derivatives of the title compound. (iii) Treatment of D-fructose with 2,2-dimethoxypropane-SnCl2 and then with TsCl-pyridine gave 1,2-O-isopropylidene-6-O-tosyl-β-D-fructofuranose (23% yield). This was elaborated, in three steps, to either the 3,4-di-O-acetyl-6-deoxy-6-[(ethoxy)phenylphosphinoyl] derivative (84% yield) or the 3,4-bis-O-(tetrahydropyran-2-yl) congener (54% yield), both of which furnished, in two steps, the unsubstituted title compound. The products obtained in the three approaches (i-iii) were converted into the corresponding per-O-acetates, whose structures and conformations [2C5(D), 5C2(D), or B3,6] were established by spectroscopy.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1993|
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