Synthesis of 2-exo-methylenepenam 1 through a sequential reductive 1,2-elimination/S-S bond fission/cyclization of 6 was performed by treatment with a PbBr2/Al (or a BiCl3/Al) combination in DMF, while that of 3-chloro-Δ3-cephem 2 through reductive 1,2-elimination/chloride ion-addition/ cyclization was attained by use of an AlCl3/Al combination in N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP). The selective transformation of 6 to the allenecarboxylate 3 was also achieved by treatment with an AlBr3/Al combination in NMP. Cyclic voltammograms of 3,4-disubstituted 2-[2-oxo-3-(phenylacetamido)-4-[(phenylsulfonyl)thio]azetidin-1-yl]-2-butenoates (6) exhibit two irreversible reduction peaks responsible for reductive 1,2-elimination of the 3,4-disubstituted 2-butenoate moiety (at less negative potential) and for reductive S-S bond fission of the (phenylsulfonyl)thio moiety, suggesting that the reductive 1,2-elimination of 6 leading to allenecarboxylate 3 would occur prior to the reductive S-S bond cleavage.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Organic Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry