Synthesis and characterization of poly(oxy-2,6-naphthalenediylcarbonyl) whiskers from 2-acetoxy-6-naphthoic acid

Kunio Kimura, Seiji Endo, Yasuo Kato, Yuhiko Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthesis and characterization of poly(oxy-2,6-naphthalenediylcarbonyl) (PON) whiskers from 2-acetoxy-6-naphthoic acid are described. The important factors in controlling PON crystal morphologies during high-temperature solution polymerization are polarity of solvent, concentration of monomer and stirring. Less-polar solvents like liquid paraffin or Therm S 800, low concentration of monomer and no stirring are desirable for making PON whiskers. The size of the whisker prepared in liquid paraffin is 7-17 μm in length and 0.5-1.0 μm in width. From its electron diffraction patterns, it was found that this whisker exhibits a single-crystal nature and the polymer chains align along the long axis of the whisker. Owing to the close packing of polymer chains in this crystal, the whisker has the highest thermal stability compared with the other fibrillar and slab-like crystals. The formation mechanism of PON whiskers is also investigated in comparison to that of poly(oxy-1,4-benzenediylcarbonyl) whiskers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1054-1059
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aromatic polyester
  • extended-chain crystals
  • morphology control
  • needle-like crystals
  • poly(oxy-2,6-naphthalenediylcarbonyl)
  • polymer whisker

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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