The CIDE (cell death-inducing DFF45-like effector) family composed of CIDEA, CIDEB, CIDEC/FSP27 (fat-specific protein 27), has a critical role in growth of lipid droplets. Of these, CIDEB and CIDEC2/FSP27B are abundant in the liver, and the steatotic livers, respectively. Hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) has an important role in lipid homeostasis because liver-specific HNF4α-null mice (Hnf4aΔHep mice) exhibit hepatosteatosis. We investigated whether HNF4α directly regulates expression of CIDE family genes. Expression of Cideb and Fsp27b was largely decreased in Hnf4aΔHep mice, while expression of Cidea was increased. Similar results were observed only in CIDEC2, the human orthologue of the Fsp27b, in human hepatoma cell lines in which HNF4α expression was knocked down. Conversely, overexpression of HNF4α strongly induced CIDEC2 expression in hepatoma cell lines. Furthermore, HNF4α transactivated Fsp27b by direct binding to an HNF4α response element in the Fsp27b promoter. In addition, Fsp27b is known to be transactivated by CREBH that is regulated by HNF4α, and expression of CREBH was induced by HNF4α in human hepatoma cells. Co-transfection of HNF4α and CREBH resulted in synergistic transactivation and induction of Fsp27b compared to that of HNF4α or CREBH alone. These results suggest that HNF4α, in conjunction with CREBH, plays an important role in regulation of Fsp27b expression.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 17 2020|
- CIDE family
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology