Synergistic effect of olaparib with combination of cisplatin on PTEN-deficient lung cancer cells

Daisuke Minami, Nagio Takigawa, Hiromasa Takeda, Minoru Takata, Nobuaki Ochi, Eiki Ichihara, Akiko Hisamoto, Katsuyuki Hotta, Mitsune Tanimoto, Katsuyuki Kiura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PARP enzyme plays a key role in the cellular machinery responsible for DNA damage repair. PTEN is a tumorsuppressor gene deactivating PI3K downstreamofEGFR signaling.Wehypothesize that PTEN-deficient lung cancer cells suppressed DNA damage signaling and that the absence of PTEN can sensitize these cells to a concurrent treatment of aDNA-damaging agent (cisplatin) and a PARP inhibitor (olaparib). To investigate the effect of olaparib and cisplatin on PTEN-deficient lung tumors, two EGFR-mutant (deletion in exon19) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines, PC-9 (PTENwild-type) and H1650 (PTEN loss), were used. We transfected intact PTEN gene into H1650 cells (H1650PTEN+) and knocked down PTEN expression in the PC-9 cells (PC-9PTEN-) using short hairpin RNA (shRNA). Combination of cisplatin with olaparib showed a synergistic effect in vitro according to the combination index in H1650 cells. Restoration of PTEN in the H1650 cells decreased sensitivity to the combination. Ablation of PTEN in PC-9 cells increased sensitivity to olaparib and cisplatin. We also examined the effectiveness of cisplatin and olaparib in a xenograft model using H1650 and PC-9PTEN- cells. The combination of cisplatin with olaparib was more effective than each agent individually. This effect was not observed in a xenograft model using H1650PTEN+ and PC-9 cells. Mechanistic investigations revealed that PTEN deficiency caused reductions in nuclear RAD51 and RPA focus formation and phosphorylated Chk1 and Mre11. Thus, genetic inactivation of PTEN led to the suppression of DNA repair. Mol Cancer Res; 11(2); 140-8.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-148
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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