Synchrotron radiation study on the high-pressure and high-temperature phase relations of KAlSi3O8

Satoru Urakawa, T. Kondo, N. Igawa, O. Shimomura, H. Ohno

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Abstract

In situ X-ray diffraction study on KAlSi3O8 has been performed using the cubic type high pressure apparatus, MAX90, combined with synchrotron radiation. We determined the phase relations of sanidine, the wadeite-type K2Si4O9+kyanite (Al2SiO5)+coesite (SiO2) assemblage, and hollandite-type KAlSi3O8, including melting temperatures of potassic phases, up to 11 GPa. Our data on subsolidus phase boundaries are close to the recent data of Yagi and Akaogi (1991). Melting relations of sanidine are consistent with the low pressure data of Lindsley (1966). The breakdown of sanidine into three phases reduces melting temperature, and wadeite-type K2Si4O9 melts first around 1500° C in three phase coexisting region. Melting point of hollandite-type KAlSi3O8 is between 1700° C and 1800° C at 11 GPa. If these potassic phases host potassium in the earth's mantle, the true mantle solidus temperature will be much lower than the reported dry solidus temperature of peridotite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-391
Number of pages5
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Synchrotron radiation
sanidine
Melting point
melting
Kyanite
temperature
Phase boundaries
mantle
Temperature
coesite
Potassium
kyanite
Melting
Earth (planet)
peridotite
low pressure
X ray diffraction
potassium
X-ray diffraction
melt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Synchrotron radiation study on the high-pressure and high-temperature phase relations of KAlSi3O8 . / Urakawa, Satoru; Kondo, T.; Igawa, N.; Shimomura, O.; Ohno, H.

In: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 21, No. 6, 1994, p. 387-391.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ohno, H.

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AB - In situ X-ray diffraction study on KAlSi3O8 has been performed using the cubic type high pressure apparatus, MAX90, combined with synchrotron radiation. We determined the phase relations of sanidine, the wadeite-type K2Si4O9+kyanite (Al2SiO5)+coesite (SiO2) assemblage, and hollandite-type KAlSi3O8, including melting temperatures of potassic phases, up to 11 GPa. Our data on subsolidus phase boundaries are close to the recent data of Yagi and Akaogi (1991). Melting relations of sanidine are consistent with the low pressure data of Lindsley (1966). The breakdown of sanidine into three phases reduces melting temperature, and wadeite-type K2Si4O9 melts first around 1500° C in three phase coexisting region. Melting point of hollandite-type KAlSi3O8 is between 1700° C and 1800° C at 11 GPa. If these potassic phases host potassium in the earth's mantle, the true mantle solidus temperature will be much lower than the reported dry solidus temperature of peridotite.

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