Although patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) experience a variety of symptoms that could impair health-related quality of life (HRQOL), no studies regarding symptoms and impact of PBC on HRQOL have been performed in Asian countries. Herein, we aimed to evaluate symptoms and HRQOL in Japanese PBC patients. We performed a multicenter, observational, cross-sectional study. The PBC-40 and the short form (SF)-36 were used as measures of symptoms and HRQOL. Four-hundred-ninety-six patients with PBC were enrolled. In the PBC-40, the average score was highest in the emotional domain, followed by the fatigue domain. The HRQOL measured using SF-36 was also impaired, especially in the physical and role-social components. After adjustments of variables, female sex, younger age at diagnosis, and lower serum albumin level were independently associated with fatigue scores, while a longer follow-up period and lower serum albumin levels were associated with itch scores.
ASJC Scopus subject areas