Survival of dormant organisms after long-term exposure to the space environment

N. Novikova, O. Gusev, N. Polikarpov, E. Deshevaya, M. Levinskikh, V. Alekseev, T. Okuda, Manabu Sugimoto, V. Sychev, A. Grigoriev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The RF SRC - Institute of Biomedical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, developed Biorisk hardware to study the effects of long-term exposure of dormant forms of various organisms to outer space and used it to complete a series of experiments on the Russian Module (RM) of the International Space Station (ISS). The experiments were performed using prokaryotes (Bacillus bacteria) and eukaryotes (Penicillium, Aspergillus, and Cladosporium fungi), as well as spores, dormant forms of higher plants, insects, lower crustaceans, and vertebrates. The biological samples were housed in two containers that were exposed to outer space for 13 or 18 months. The results of the 18-month experiment showed that, in spite of harsher temperature than in the first study, most specimens remained viable. These experiments provided evidence that not only bacterial and fungal spores but also dormant forms of organisms that reached higher levels of evolutionary development had the capability to survive a long-term exposure to outer space. This observation suggests that they can be transferred on outer walls of space platforms during interplanetary missions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1574-1580
Number of pages7
JournalActa Astronautica
Volume68
Issue number9-10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

Fingerprint

Experiments
Space platforms
Aspergillus
Bacilli
Space stations
Fungi
Containers
Bacteria
Hardware
Temperature

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Bacteria
  • Biorisk experiment
  • Dormant forms
  • Fungi
  • Higher plants
  • International Space Station (ISS)
  • Outer space

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Novikova, N., Gusev, O., Polikarpov, N., Deshevaya, E., Levinskikh, M., Alekseev, V., ... Grigoriev, A. (2011). Survival of dormant organisms after long-term exposure to the space environment. Acta Astronautica, 68(9-10), 1574-1580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2010.05.019

Survival of dormant organisms after long-term exposure to the space environment. / Novikova, N.; Gusev, O.; Polikarpov, N.; Deshevaya, E.; Levinskikh, M.; Alekseev, V.; Okuda, T.; Sugimoto, Manabu; Sychev, V.; Grigoriev, A.

In: Acta Astronautica, Vol. 68, No. 9-10, 05.2011, p. 1574-1580.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Novikova, N, Gusev, O, Polikarpov, N, Deshevaya, E, Levinskikh, M, Alekseev, V, Okuda, T, Sugimoto, M, Sychev, V & Grigoriev, A 2011, 'Survival of dormant organisms after long-term exposure to the space environment', Acta Astronautica, vol. 68, no. 9-10, pp. 1574-1580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2010.05.019
Novikova N, Gusev O, Polikarpov N, Deshevaya E, Levinskikh M, Alekseev V et al. Survival of dormant organisms after long-term exposure to the space environment. Acta Astronautica. 2011 May;68(9-10):1574-1580. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2010.05.019
Novikova, N. ; Gusev, O. ; Polikarpov, N. ; Deshevaya, E. ; Levinskikh, M. ; Alekseev, V. ; Okuda, T. ; Sugimoto, Manabu ; Sychev, V. ; Grigoriev, A. / Survival of dormant organisms after long-term exposure to the space environment. In: Acta Astronautica. 2011 ; Vol. 68, No. 9-10. pp. 1574-1580.
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