Surrogate study for dioxins from municipal waste incinerator in startup condition: Applicability as a dioxin control indicator and an organohalogen emission warning

Nobuhisa Watanabe, Katsuya Kawamoto, Shozo Asada, Hideaki Fujiyoshi, Haruo Miyata, Gou Watanabe, Satoru Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dioxins and their surrogates were continuously monitored during the startup of two municipal waste in cinerators (MWIs). The surrogates studied included low-volatility organohalogen compounds (LVOH) sampled by online systems, as well as chlorobenzenes (CBs) and chlorophenols (CPs). The changes in levels of LVOH, CBs, and CPs corresponded well with the trend of the toxicity equivalent quantity (TEQ). The correlation of LVOH with TEQ was fairly good, whereas that of CBs and CPs with TEQ was not consistent. The correlation of LVOH with TEQ involved a memory effect related to the delayed emission of less volatile compounds. The isomer analysis of the dioxins present under startup conditions showed evidence of the memory effect, i.e., highly chlorinated isomers were emitted slowly, whereas low-chlorinated isomers and LVOH decreased rapidly as the temperature rose. LVOH cannot act as a perfect dioxin surrogate, but it can give a versatile, quick, and comprehensive warning of the presence of organohalogen compounds because it is free from the memory effect and covers many kinds of organohalogen compounds, including dioxins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-263
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

organohalogen
Plant startup
Refuse incinerators
dioxin
Toxicity
Isomers
Data storage equipment
chlorobenzene
chlorophenol
toxicity
Online systems
waste incinerator
municipal waste
organohalogen compound
indicator
volatility
Temperature

Keywords

  • Chlorobenzenes
  • Chlorophenols
  • Dioxins
  • Organic halogenated compounds
  • Organohalogen compounds
  • Startup
  • Surrogate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Surrogate study for dioxins from municipal waste incinerator in startup condition : Applicability as a dioxin control indicator and an organohalogen emission warning. / Watanabe, Nobuhisa; Kawamoto, Katsuya; Asada, Shozo; Fujiyoshi, Hideaki; Miyata, Haruo; Watanabe, Gou; Suzuki, Satoru.

In: Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2010, p. 254-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{aca3a757435c4ba4ae8b64728ddc4b28,
title = "Surrogate study for dioxins from municipal waste incinerator in startup condition: Applicability as a dioxin control indicator and an organohalogen emission warning",
abstract = "Dioxins and their surrogates were continuously monitored during the startup of two municipal waste in cinerators (MWIs). The surrogates studied included low-volatility organohalogen compounds (LVOH) sampled by online systems, as well as chlorobenzenes (CBs) and chlorophenols (CPs). The changes in levels of LVOH, CBs, and CPs corresponded well with the trend of the toxicity equivalent quantity (TEQ). The correlation of LVOH with TEQ was fairly good, whereas that of CBs and CPs with TEQ was not consistent. The correlation of LVOH with TEQ involved a memory effect related to the delayed emission of less volatile compounds. The isomer analysis of the dioxins present under startup conditions showed evidence of the memory effect, i.e., highly chlorinated isomers were emitted slowly, whereas low-chlorinated isomers and LVOH decreased rapidly as the temperature rose. LVOH cannot act as a perfect dioxin surrogate, but it can give a versatile, quick, and comprehensive warning of the presence of organohalogen compounds because it is free from the memory effect and covers many kinds of organohalogen compounds, including dioxins.",
keywords = "Chlorobenzenes, Chlorophenols, Dioxins, Organic halogenated compounds, Organohalogen compounds, Startup, Surrogate",
author = "Nobuhisa Watanabe and Katsuya Kawamoto and Shozo Asada and Hideaki Fujiyoshi and Haruo Miyata and Gou Watanabe and Satoru Suzuki",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1007/s10163-010-0295-8",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "254--263",
journal = "Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management",
issn = "1438-4957",
publisher = "Springer Japan",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Surrogate study for dioxins from municipal waste incinerator in startup condition

T2 - Applicability as a dioxin control indicator and an organohalogen emission warning

AU - Watanabe, Nobuhisa

AU - Kawamoto, Katsuya

AU - Asada, Shozo

AU - Fujiyoshi, Hideaki

AU - Miyata, Haruo

AU - Watanabe, Gou

AU - Suzuki, Satoru

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Dioxins and their surrogates were continuously monitored during the startup of two municipal waste in cinerators (MWIs). The surrogates studied included low-volatility organohalogen compounds (LVOH) sampled by online systems, as well as chlorobenzenes (CBs) and chlorophenols (CPs). The changes in levels of LVOH, CBs, and CPs corresponded well with the trend of the toxicity equivalent quantity (TEQ). The correlation of LVOH with TEQ was fairly good, whereas that of CBs and CPs with TEQ was not consistent. The correlation of LVOH with TEQ involved a memory effect related to the delayed emission of less volatile compounds. The isomer analysis of the dioxins present under startup conditions showed evidence of the memory effect, i.e., highly chlorinated isomers were emitted slowly, whereas low-chlorinated isomers and LVOH decreased rapidly as the temperature rose. LVOH cannot act as a perfect dioxin surrogate, but it can give a versatile, quick, and comprehensive warning of the presence of organohalogen compounds because it is free from the memory effect and covers many kinds of organohalogen compounds, including dioxins.

AB - Dioxins and their surrogates were continuously monitored during the startup of two municipal waste in cinerators (MWIs). The surrogates studied included low-volatility organohalogen compounds (LVOH) sampled by online systems, as well as chlorobenzenes (CBs) and chlorophenols (CPs). The changes in levels of LVOH, CBs, and CPs corresponded well with the trend of the toxicity equivalent quantity (TEQ). The correlation of LVOH with TEQ was fairly good, whereas that of CBs and CPs with TEQ was not consistent. The correlation of LVOH with TEQ involved a memory effect related to the delayed emission of less volatile compounds. The isomer analysis of the dioxins present under startup conditions showed evidence of the memory effect, i.e., highly chlorinated isomers were emitted slowly, whereas low-chlorinated isomers and LVOH decreased rapidly as the temperature rose. LVOH cannot act as a perfect dioxin surrogate, but it can give a versatile, quick, and comprehensive warning of the presence of organohalogen compounds because it is free from the memory effect and covers many kinds of organohalogen compounds, including dioxins.

KW - Chlorobenzenes

KW - Chlorophenols

KW - Dioxins

KW - Organic halogenated compounds

KW - Organohalogen compounds

KW - Startup

KW - Surrogate

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77958512352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77958512352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10163-010-0295-8

DO - 10.1007/s10163-010-0295-8

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77958512352

VL - 12

SP - 254

EP - 263

JO - Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

JF - Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management

SN - 1438-4957

IS - 3

ER -