Surgical management and its post-operative complications in congenital aural atresia

Kazunori Nishizaki, Yu Masuda, Kenji Karita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The post-operative complications and hearing results of surgical intervention for congenital aural atresia were investigated. Seventy-five ears with congenital aural atresia were operated on for hearing loss from 1982 to 1996. Tympanoplasty was performed on 37 ears and canaloplasty on the remaining 38. Hearing improvement rates were 70.3% and 31.6%, respectively. The post-operative complications included stenosis of the created auditory canal (29.3%), deterioration of the improved hearing (21.3%) and infection (12.0%). Reoperations were performed on 6 cases for restoring hearing, 16 for stenosis and 6 for infection. Reoperative findings demonstrated that scar formation in the canal caused the stenosis of the newly formed external canal and that lateralization of the new tympanic membrane and subsequent detachment from the ossicles caused the deterioration of improved hearing. Using cartilage and pedicled skin flap prevented stenosis at the orifice of the newly formed external canal. Maintaining hearing improvement requires creating a wide ear canal using as many pedicle flaps as possible and attaching a new tympanic membrane firmly to the ossicles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-44
Number of pages3
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica, Supplement
Issue number540
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Hearing
Pathologic Constriction
Tympanic Membrane
Ear
Tympanoplasty
Ear Canal
Surgical Flaps
Infection
Reoperation
Hearing Loss
Cartilage
Cicatrix
Congenital Aural Atresia
Skin

Keywords

  • Canaloplasty
  • Congenital aural atresia
  • Post-operative complications
  • Tympanoplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Surgical management and its post-operative complications in congenital aural atresia. / Nishizaki, Kazunori; Masuda, Yu; Karita, Kenji.

In: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, Supplement, No. 540, 1999, p. 42-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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