In rehabilitating hemiplegic patients, purposeful movements such as the opening and closing of hands are reported to be more effective than passive movement with an instrument. The authors of this chapter used surface electromyogram (surface EMG) signals as a way to convey the patient's conscious ability to open and close their hands. The muscles in the forearm contract when the hand is closed or opened, which creates a simple signal that is comparatively easy to measure with surface EMG, a simple measuring device. The action potentials of the muscles involved in the opening-and-closing motions of hands were measured from several points in the forearm when those muscles contracted, and their distribution was analyzed. The purpose of this study is to develop a simple system to recognize the movement of a patient's hand using measurements of EMG signals from only the most characteristic points on the forearm to replace similar, but more complex, research such as multi-channel measurement and wave analysis by FFT. The authors specified the optimum measuring points on the palm and dorsal sides of the forearm for the recognition of hand motion by the experimental system. This system successfully recognized hand motion through the analysis of the surface EMG signals measured from only two optimum points to allow arbitrary control of the rehabilitation device based on the recognition results.
|Title of host publication||Early Detection and Rehabilitation Technologies for Dementia|
|Subtitle of host publication||Neuroscience and Biomedical Applications|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Professions(all)