Surface EMG and upper-limb rehabilitation

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In rehabilitating hemiplegic patients, purposeful movements such as the opening and closing of hands are reported to be more effective than passive movement with an instrument. The authors of this chapter used surface electromyogram (surface EMG) signals as a way to convey the patient's conscious ability to open and close their hands. The muscles in the forearm contract when the hand is closed or opened, which creates a simple signal that is comparatively easy to measure with surface EMG, a simple measuring device. The action potentials of the muscles involved in the opening-and-closing motions of hands were measured from several points in the forearm when those muscles contracted, and their distribution was analyzed. The purpose of this study is to develop a simple system to recognize the movement of a patient's hand using measurements of EMG signals from only the most characteristic points on the forearm to replace similar, but more complex, research such as multi-channel measurement and wave analysis by FFT. The authors specified the optimum measuring points on the palm and dorsal sides of the forearm for the recognition of hand motion by the experimental system. This system successfully recognized hand motion through the analysis of the surface EMG signals measured from only two optimum points to allow arbitrary control of the rehabilitation device based on the recognition results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEarly Detection and Rehabilitation Technologies for Dementia
Subtitle of host publicationNeuroscience and Biomedical Applications
PublisherIGI Global
Pages335-343
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9781609605599
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Professions(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Surface EMG and upper-limb rehabilitation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this