Suppressive effect upon carboplatin hypersensitivity reaction via pegylated liposomal doxorubicin combination therapy

Kyoko Shimada, Shoji Nagao, Kazuhiro Suzuki, Takashi Shibutani, Kasumi Yamamoto, Tomoatsu Jimi, Hiroko Yano, Miho Kitai, Takaya Shiozaki, Satoshi Yamaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Occurrence of hypersensitivity reaction (HSR) in patients having received multiple doses of carboplatin has been reported. Several studies demonstrated reduction of carboplatin-associated HSR with in combination with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD). The objective of this study was to determine the suppressive effect on carboplatin-induced HSR via combined treatment with PLD within clinical practice. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of women with primary or recurrent ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer treated with carboplatin containing regimen at our hospital between January 2009 and March 2019. We compared the incidence of carboplatin-induced HSR among patients who received more than one cycle of PLD plus carboplatin (PLD-C) therapy (i.e., PLD-C group) versus patients who never received PLD-C therapy (non-PLD-C group). Results: A total of 414 women were included in this study (48: PLD-C group, 366: non-PLD-C group). Carboplatin-induced HSR occurred in 34 total patients (8.2%) [1/48 (2.1%) in the PLD-C group and 33/366 (9.0%) in the non-PLD-C group], with a median cycle number of carboplatin administration at onset of HSR being 9. Incidences of carboplatin-induced HSR within the PLD-C versus non-PLD-C group at the 8th, 12th, and 16th cycles of carboplatin administration were 2.2% vs 11.2%, 2.2% vs 28.6%, and 2.2% vs 39.1%, respectively [hazard ratio: 19.2 (95% confidence interval: 9.82–39.4), p < 0.0001]. Conclusion: Based on the data analyzed here, a suppressive effect on carboplatin-induced HSR via combination therapy with PLD was confirmed within clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1718-1725
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume25
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carboplatin
  • Hypersensitivity reaction
  • Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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