Suppression of postmitochondrial signaling and delayed response to UV-induced nuclear apoptosis in HeLa cells

Kaori Sasai, Hirohiko Yajima, Fumio Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activation of postmitochondrial pathways by UV irradiation was examined using mouse lymphoma 3SB and human leukemic Jurkat cells and two human carcinoma cells lines (HeLa and MCF-7). Exposure of 3SB and Jurkat cells resulted in large amounts of cytochrome c and apoptosis-incducing factor (AIF) being released into the cytosol, and a clear laddering pattern of DNA fragments was observed within 3 h of incubation after irradiation. Simultaneously, activation of caspase-9 and its downstream caspases was detected. HeLa and MCF-7 cells also showed extensive release of mitochondrial factors and caspase-9 activation at 4 to 6 h after exposure, but apoptotic nuclear changes appeared much later. Compared with 3SB and Jurkat cells, these carcinoma cell lines exhibited reduced activation of caspase-9-like proteolytic activity by UV radiation, and levels of caspase-3-like activity in HeLa cells were extremely low, similar to those in caspase-3-deficient MCF-7 cells. These results suggest that the delayed response to UV-induced nuclear apoptosis in HeLa cells is due to a reduced activation of the caspase cascade downstream of cytochrome c release and suppression of caspase-3 activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-283
Number of pages9
JournalJapanese Journal of Cancer Research
Volume93
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Caspase
  • Cytochrome c
  • HeLa cells
  • UV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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