Suppression of NO production and 8-nitroguanosine formation by phenol-containing endocrine-disrupting chemicals in LPS-stimulated macrophages: Involvement of estrogen receptor-dependent or -independent pathways

Jun Yoshitake, Katsuaki Kato, Daisuke Yoshioka, Yoshimi Sueishi, Tomohiro Sawa, Takaaki Akaike, Tetsuhiko Yoshimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since the endocrine and immune systems share portions of some intracellular signaling pathways, endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are considered potential agents for influencing inflammatory responses. Here, we investigated the effect of EDCs on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO production and NF-κB activation in the RAW264.7 mouse macrophage cell line. Five phenol-containing EDCs were investigated, namely bisphenol A (BPA), the alkyl phenols p-n-nonylphenol (NP) and p-n-octylphenol (OP), and the chlorinated phenols 2,4-dichlorophenol (DCP) and pentachlorophenol (PCP). Our results revealed that these chemicals dose-dependently suppressed LPS-induced NO production, as reflected by decreased NOx content. The suppressive effects of BPA, NP and OP, but not PCP or DCP, were blocked by the estrogen receptor (ER) inhibitor, ICI182780. ELISA-based quantification of the DNA-binding activity of free p65 NF-κB showed that LPS-induced NF-κB activation was significantly diminished by EDC treatment. Furthermore, immunocytochemical analysis of 8-nitroguanosine, a unique index of NO-mediated signaling, showed that 8-nitroguanosine formation increased in LPS-stimulated cells, but this increase was inhibited by the tested EDCs. These results demonstrate that EDCs suppress NO production and NF-κB activation in LPS-stimulated macrophages through ER-dependent (BPA, NP, OP) and -independent (PCP, DCP) pathways. The EDCs further inhibited 8-nitroguanosine formation, suggesting that they interfere with NO-mediated signaling. Thus, EDCs might play important roles in the inflammatory response and host defense system against foreign pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-228
Number of pages6
JournalNitric Oxide - Biology and Chemistry
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2008

Keywords

  • 8-Nitroguanosine
  • Endocrine-disrupting chemicals
  • Estrogen receptor
  • NF-κB
  • Nitric oxide
  • iNOS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cancer Research

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