Supervisors' attitudes and skills for active listening with regard to working conditions and psychological stress reactions among subordinate workers

Sachiko Mineyama, Akizumi Tsutsumi, Soshi Takao, Kyoko Nishiuchi, Norito Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated whether supervisors' listening attitudes and skills were related to working conditions and psychological stress reactions among their subordinates. The subjects included 41 male supervisors and their immediate subordinates (n=203). The supervisors completed a short version of the Active Listening Attitude Scale (ALAS) consisting of two subscales: Listening Attitude and Listening Skill for Active Listening. The subordinates rated working conditions and their psychological stress reactions using selected scales of the Job Content Questionnaire and the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire. Those subordinates who worked under supervisors with a higher score of Listening Attitude and Listening Skill reported a more favorable psychological stress reaction than those who worked under supervisors with a lower score of Listening Attitude and Listening Skill. Those subordinates who worked under supervisors with a higher score of Listening Skill reported higher worksite support than those who worked under supervisors with a lower score of Listening Skill. Those subordinates who worked under supervisors with a higher score of Listening Attitude reported higher job control than those who worked under supervisors with a lower score of Listening Attitude. A supervisor's listening attitude and skill appeared to affect psychological stress reactions predominantly among male subordinates than among female subordinates. Psychological stress reactions were lower among younger subordinates who worked under supervisors with high listening skill, while no statistically difference was observed among older subordinates. These findings suggest that a supervisor's listening attitude and skill have an effect on working conditions and psychological stress reactions among subordinates and that the effects vary according to the subordinates' sex and age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-87
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Occupational Health
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2007

Keywords

  • Active Listening Attitude Scale (ALAS)
  • Active listening
  • Psychological stress reaction
  • Supervisory support
  • Working conditon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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